Title IX is a civil rights law that was passed by Congress in 1972 and required equality for both genders in education.  It prohibits sex-based discrimination in educational institutions receiving federal funds. Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 reads as follows:

    “No person in the United States shall, based on sex, be excluded from participating in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”

    Title IX also includes sexual and gender-based harassment and sexual violence.